Business Process Library Q Business Process Management

From Q-BPM
Jump to: navigation, search

Gantt Chart is a process control chart or a graphical representation that illustrates work plans and schedules by using horizontal bars and is used for production management or project management. It is named after its inventor, Henry Laurence Gantt.

Contents

Overview of Gantt Chart

Gantt Chart has a vertical axis representing tasks or resources and a horizontal axis representing time and illustrates the duration in which a task is being worked on or a resource is used by using horizontal bars. It is considered as a representative of classical management principles.

The advantage of Gantt Chart is to help people visually grasp the progress of a task and operational status of a resource. It is also frequently used in IT-related area. On the other hands, its disadvantage is that it is difficult to grasp correlation among tasks and resources and to prioritize them for the sake of management in case where multiple tasks and resources are involved.

Gantt was working on research about scientific management principles under Frederick W. Taylor, who is an inventor of scientific management principles. Being influenced by Taylor's approach, Gantt Chart, at the core, seems to aim effective activities and resource allocation by means of scientific management.
Example of Gantt Chart
Example of Gantt Chart

Many of typical process control and management principles used nowadays are related to Gantt Chart, so its merit is significant.

Background of Gantt Chart

Gantt Chart is invented by Henry Laurence Gantt in early 1900s. At the beginning, its horizontal axis represented the amount of a resource or task, but later it was used in order to represent time.

In 1922, Wallace Clark, who was working under Gantt, published "The Gantt Chart A Working Took of Management," and Gantt Chart got widely known. After that, it was utilized as a management principle of large-scale projects, such as the construction of Hoover Dam and the construction of interstate highway network. Owing to the fact that Gantt Chart is used in such large-scale projects, it established its status as a classical management principle.

In addition, various variants of Gantt Chart, such as a milestone chart which contains milestones and a chart that can show dependencies among tasks by using auxiliary lines, have been developed.

PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique), which is the representative of today's process control and management principles, is one of these variants of Gantt Chart.

History

  • 1903: "A Graphical Daily Balance in Manufacture" was published.
  • 1916: "Work, Wages, and Profits" was published.
  • 1919: "Organizing for Work" was published.
  • 1922: "The Gantt Chart A Working Tool of Management was published by Wallace Clark.
  • 1931: The construction of Hoover Dam
  • 1956: The construction of interstate highway network

Example

As mentioned above, Gantt Chart is used in a variety of fields, such as a civil engineering area, industrial area, and project management.

Examples of software products that can be used to draw Gantt Chart are:

  • Microsoft Project
  • GanttProject
  • ProjectKeeper OSS

In addition to the ones above, Microsoft Excel etc. can also be used to draw a simple Gantt Chart.

Effectiveness of Gantt Chart in BPM

Gantt Chart can effectively visualize tasks, time required to complete tasks, and statuses of achievements of tasks. In addition, In order to draw Gantt Chart, tasks need to be identified, and a process model, such as the scheduling and required manpower, must be clarified. Thus, drawing Gantt Chart helps re-organize and clarify the process model. Therefore, Gantt Chart is a highly effective tool in BPM, which aims to improve and manage business process.

Related Article

References

Toolbox
What links here
Related changes
Upload file
Special pages
Printable version
Permanent link
Questetra BPM Suite
Workflow Sample:Hints on Defining Workflows for Business Analysts and Managers.

Catetory
General nouns | Proper nouns | General-purpose business process | Core business process | Business process for support administration
Q-BPM This website was started by Questetra, Inc. for businesspeople all over the world, who are interested in BPM, but spend a great amount of time on the search of a lot of books, documents, and difficult terms. By saving the trouble of looking up a number of related terms or the time of searching documents, Questetra, Inc. hopes to contribute to businesspeople, interested in BPM, all over the world. Questetra Inc. Q-BPM exemplifies various Sample Processes regarding Business Flow in companies, and support Business Flow Diagram making. (* Business Flow Diagram: Business Flow Chart/Business Diagram/Business Process Diagram) This is Cloud-Source type information sending website that invites collaborators all over the world. In principle, contents in this website are public on the basis of the license called “CC-By SA,” which means “possible to copy under specific conditions.”

Powered by MediaWiki CreativeCommons By SA